Question: How Was Article 370 Removed?

How was Article 370 revoked?

The revocation of Article 370 was passed by an “overwhelming majority” of support in the Indian parliament.

It has attracted not only the support of the Hindu nationalist parties such as the BJP, but many other Indian political parties that typically oppose the BJP..

When was Article 370 and 35a introduced?

Since Article 370 was enacted on 26 November 1949 as part of the Constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly of India which was a sovereign body, he remarks, Article 35A “flows inexorably” from it.

How did Kashmir became part of India?

The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947. By executing this document under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to accede to the Dominion of India.

Is Passport required for Kashmir?

You need Passport/Visa to visit Kashmir A plane/train/bus ticket will do.

Which countries support India on Kashmir?

India claims the entire erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir based on an instrument of accession signed in 1947. Pakistan claims Jammu and Kashmir based on its majority Muslim population, whereas China claims the Shaksam Valley and Aksai Chin.

Who wrote article 370?

Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Was Kashmir a Hindu state?

In the 1901 Census of the British Indian Empire, the population of the princely state of Kashmir was 2,905,578. Of these 2,154,695 were Muslims, 689,073 Hindus, 25,828 Sikhs, and 35,047 Buddhists. The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 50% of the population.

Who owned Kashmir first?

In 1339, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir, inaugurating the Salatin-i-Kashmir or Shah Mir dynasty. Kashmir was part of the Mughal Empire from 1586 to 1751, and thereafter, until 1820, of the Afghan Durrani Empire. That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir.

Who sold Kashmir to India?

Under the terms of the Treaty of Amritsar that followed in March 1846, the British government sold Kashmir for a sum of 7.5 million Nanakshahee rupees to Gulab Singh, hereafter bestowed with the title of Maharaja.

Is Article 370 fully removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. However, the Constituent Assembly was dissolved on January 25, 1957, without recommending the abrogation of the article.

Why Kashmir has its own flag?

In the middle a white plough further symbolises the peasants. Next to the staff, three vertical white stripes represent the three regions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. The flag had its origin in events that took place on 13 July 1931 in Srinagar.

Is Jammu and Kashmir a part of India?

Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.

What happened to Kashmiri Pandits in Kashmir?

The Hindus of the Kashmir Valley, were forced to flee the Kashmir valley as a result of being targeted by JKLF and Islamist insurgents during late 1989 and early 1990. 19 January 1990 is widely remembered by Kashmiri Hindus as the tragic “exodus day” of being forced out of Kashmir. …

Why was Kashmir given special status?

Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, a region located in the northern part of Indian subcontinent which was administered by India as a state from 1954 to 31 October 2019 and a part of the larger region of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan …

Which states in India have special powers?

The Article 355 of the Constitution of India confers power to the Central Government to protect every state from internal disturbance.Armed Forces Special Powers (Assam and Manipur) Act, 1958. … The Armed Forces (Punjab and Chandigarh) Special Powers Act, 1983. … The Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act, 1990.More items…