Question: Who Created Article 370?

When was Article 370 Started?

Article 370 of the Constitution of India was a ‘temporary provision’ inserted on 17 October 1949 which gave special powers to the state of Jammu and Kashmir, lawfully authorising it to have its own constitution..

How Kashmir was formed?

October 26, 1947Jammu and Kashmir/Founded

How did Kashmir join India?

The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947. By executing this document under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to accede to the Dominion of India.

How much Kashmir does Pakistan have?

The area controlled by Pakistan is about 84,100 sq km (32,494 sq mi), of which Azad Kashmir comprises about 1,680 sq km (650 sq mi). The population (1985 estimate) of the three Pakistani-controlled areas is about 2.8 million. Kashmir is almost entirely mountainous.

Who is founder of Kashmir?

In 1846, after the Sikh defeat in the First Anglo-Sikh War, the Treaty of Lahore was signed and upon the purchase of the region from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar, the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, became the new ruler of Kashmir.

How was Article 370 removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. … The next day, on August 6, the president implemented the resolution and revoked Jammu and Kashmir’s special status through Presidential Order C.O.

Who sold Kashmir to India?

Under the terms of the Treaty of Amritsar that followed in March 1846, the British government sold Kashmir for a sum of 7.5 million Nanakshahee rupees to Gulab Singh, hereafter bestowed with the title of Maharaja.

Can I go to Kashmir now?

It’s been declared off-limits to tourists on a number of occasions. There have also been a few isolated incidents, with Srinagar and other parts of the Kashmir Valley being temporarily shut down. However, tourists always begin returning after peace is restored.

Why was Pok given to Pakistan?

The princely state of Jammu and Kashmir came into being in 1846 after the First Anglo-Sikh War. Prior to that, Jammu was a tributary of the Sikh empire based in Lahore. … A week later, in the Treaty of Amritsar, Gulab Singh paid the British the indemnity that was due from the Sikhs, and acquired Kashmir in return.

Which countries support India on Kashmir?

India claims the entire erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir based on an instrument of accession signed in 1947. Pakistan claims Jammu and Kashmir based on its majority Muslim population, whereas China claims the Shaksam Valley and Aksai Chin.

Why did Pandits leave Kashmir?

The Hindus of the Kashmir Valley, were forced to flee the Kashmir valley as a result of being targeted by JKLF and Islamist insurgents during late 1989 and early 1990.

Who took Kashmir issue to UN?

Dr Frank Graham was appointed by the Security Council as the UN representative for India and Pakistan on 30 April 1951. Dr Graham arrived in the subcontinent on 30 June 1951. The Graham mission had to reach an agreement between the two countries concerning the demilitarisation of Kashmir.

Which country loves India most?

BBC poll 2017Country polledPositiveNeutralRussia4149Nigeria4714India5640Greece195415 more rows

When did India lose Pok?

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965DateAugust – 23 September 1965ResultEnded in a stalemate. Both countries declared victory. United Nations mandated ceasefire No permanent territorial changes (see Tashkent Declaration)Territorial changesNone1 more row

Who spread Islam in Kashmir?

Mir Sayyid Ali HamadaniHowever, the greatest missionary whose personality wielded the most extraordinary influence in the spread of Islam in Kashmir was Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani of Hamadan (Persia) popularly known as Shah-i-Hamadan. He belonged to the Kubrawi order of Sufis and came to Kashmir along with seven hundred disciples and helpers.

Who was the king of Jammu and Kashmir?

Hari SinghMaharaja of Jammu & Kashmir GCSI GCIE GCVOMaharaja of Jammu and KashmirReign23 September 1925 — June 1949PredecessorPratap Singh11 more rows

Was Kashmir a part of British India?

Jammu and Kashmir, also known as Kashmir and Jammu, was a princely state during the British East India Company rule as well as the British Raj in India from 1846 to 1947.

Which country is the best friend of India?

Strategic partners Countries considered India’s closest include the Russian Federation, Israel, Afghanistan, France, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and the United States. Russia is the largest supplier of military equipment to India, followed by Israel and France.