Question: Why Kashmir Has Its Own Constitution?

Who gave Article 370?

On 5 August 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah announced in the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Indian Parliament) that the President of India had issued The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019 (C.O.

272) under Article 370, superseding the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954..

Who owns Kashmir now?

Current status and political divisions. India has control of about half the area of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, which comprises the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, while Pakistan controls a third of the region, divided into two de facto provinces, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir …

What is Article 370 and 35a in Indian Constitution?

Since Article 370 was enacted on 26 November 1949 as part of the Constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly of India which was a sovereign body, he remarks, Article 35A “flows inexorably” from it. … Article 35 A protects the demographic status of the Jammu and Kashmir state in its prescribed constitutional form.

Why is Kashmir controversial?

The conflict started after the partition of India in 1947 as both India and Pakistan claimed the entirety of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir with Pakistan recognizing Chinese sovereignty over the Trans-Karakoram Tract and Aksai Chin since 1963.

Can a Pakistani get Kashmiri citizenship?

The Pakistani Citizenship Act of 1951 allowed persons who were subjects of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to travel under a Pakistani passport and be considered a citizen of Pakistan without prejudice.

Who is the CM of Kashmir?

Prime Ministers & Chief Ministers of Jammu and KashmirNoNameTenurePrime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir(9)Mufti Mohammad Sayeed1 March 2015 – 7 January 2016 (312 days)–Vacant (Governor’s rule)7 January 2016 – 4 April 2016 (88 days)12Mehbooba Mufti4 April 2016 – 20 June 2018 (2 years, 77 days)36 more rows

How was 370 removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. … The next day, on August 6, the president implemented the resolution and revoked Jammu and Kashmir’s special status through Presidential Order C.O.

Is Article 370 totally removed?

In April 2018, the Supreme Court of India ruled that Article 370 had attained permanency since the state constituent assembly has ceased to exist. To overcome this legal challenge, the Indian government instead rendered Article 370 as ‘inoperative’ even though it still exists in the constitution.

Is Kashmir still a state?

Jammu and Kashmir was a region formerly administered by India as a state from 1954 to 2019, constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the mid-20th century. …

What is the new law in Kashmir?

The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 is an act of the Parliament of India containing provisions to reconstitute the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir, a part of the larger region of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute among India, Pakistan, and China since 1947, into two Indian- …

Why were Kashmiri Pandits removed from Kashmir?

The Hindus of the Kashmir Valley, were forced to flee the Kashmir valley as a result of being targeted by JKLF and Islamist insurgents during late 1989 and early 1990.

Who framed the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir?

Jammu & Kashmir National Conference won all the 75 seats under the leadership of Sheikh Abdullah. On 31 October 1951 he addressed the assembly for the first time and called on it to frame the states constitution and to give a ‘reasoned conclusion regarding accession’.

Does Kashmir have its own government?

The Government of Jammu and Kashmir is the governing authority of Jammu and Kashmir and its two divisions and 20 districts. … Jammu and Kashmir has executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. Srinagar and Jammu are the summer and winter capitals of Jammu and Kashmir.

Why does Japan have 2 flags?

The flags were used until Japan’s surrender in World War II during August 1945. … The Imperial Japanese Army flag with symmetrical 16 rays and a 2:3 ratio was abolished. The Japan Self-Defense Forces and the Ground Self-Defense Force use a significantly different Rising Sun Flag with 8-rays and an 8:9 ratio.

Why Kashmir has its own flag?

In the middle a white plough further symbolises the peasants. Next to the staff, three vertical white stripes represent the three regions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. The flag had its origin in events that took place on 13 July 1931 in Srinagar.