Quick Answer: How Does Distance Affect Orbital Period?

Does orbital speed increase with distance?

A planet’s orbital speed changes, depending on how far it is from the Sun.

The closer a planet is to the Sun, the stronger the Sun’s gravitational pull on it, and the faster the planet moves.

The farther it is from the Sun, the weaker the Sun’s gravitational pull, and the slower it moves in its orbit..

What is the relationship between orbital period and distance from the sun?

There is, however, a relationship between a planet’s distance from the Sun and its period of revolution. Kepler’s third law of planetary motion says that the square of the planet’s orbital period is proportional to the cube of its semimajor axis.

How do you find the distance of an orbital period?

Formula: P2=ka3 where: P = period of the orbit, measured in units of time. a = average distance of the object, measured in units of distance….Formula: F = G M1M2/R2 where:F = force of gravity.M1,M2 = masses of the objects involved.R = distance between their centers of mass (usually just their centers)G = a constant.

What is the orbital period of Moon?

27 daysMoon/Orbital period

What is the orbital period of Jupiter?

12 yearsJupiter/Orbital period

What is the orbital period of an earth satellite?

One complete orbit in LEO takes about 90 minutes. Satellites that stay above a location on Earth are in geosynchronous Earth orbit, or GEO. These satellites orbit about 23,000 miles (37,015 km) above the equator and complete one revolution around Earth precisely every 24 hours.

How do you calculate orbital speed?

The orbital speed can be found using v = SQRT(G*M/R). The R value (radius of orbit) is the earth’s radius plus the height above the earth – in this case, 6.59 x 106 m.

What does the Earth do every 24 hours?

Earth’s rotation is the rotation of planet Earth around its own axis. Earth rotates eastward, in prograde motion. … Earth rotates once in about 24 hours with respect to the Sun, but once every 23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4 seconds with respect to other, distant, stars (see below).

How do you calculate the orbital period of an asteroid?

Use Kepler’s Third Law to find its orbital period from its semi-major axis. The Law states that the square of the period is equal to the cube of the semi-major axis (P^2 = a^3). In order for the units to be correct, the semi-major axis should be in astronomical units, and the period should be in years.

What is the orbital period of Venus?

225 daysVenus/Orbital period

What is orbital distance?

In physics, you can use orbital distance to determine how long it takes for an object to revolve around another one. For example, you can calculate how long it takes Mars to travel around the Sun, given its distance from the Sun, in astronomical units.

What is the orbital period of Earth?

365 daysEarth/Orbital period

Does orbital period depend on mass?

T is the period of the orbit. That and the radius of the orbit determine the orbital speed. … Therefore we can conclude that mass of the satellite does not affect orbital speed.

What are the orbital periods of the planets?

The Days (And Years) Of Our LivesPlanetRotation PeriodRevolution PeriodEarth0.99 days365.26 daysMars1.03 days1.88 yearsJupiter0.41 days11.86 yearsSaturn0.45 days29.46 years5 more rows

Which planet has the longest year?

NeptuneGiven its distance from the Sun, Neptune has the longest orbital period of any planet in the Solar System. As such, a year on Neptune is the longest of any planet, lasting the equivalent of 164.8 years (or 60,182 Earth days).

What determines orbital period?

When height of orbit is 1000 km it takes 1.8 hours,when the height of orbit is 20,000 km the time taken is 12 hours. Phillip E. The orbital period of a satellite depends on the mass of the planet being orbited and the distance of the satellite from the centre of the planet.

What is the relationship between orbital speed and orbital period?

Kepler’s third law relates the period and the radius of objects in orbit around a star or planet. In conjunction with Newton’s law of universal gravitation, giving the attractive force between two masses, we can find the speed and period of an artificial satellite in orbit around the Earth.

Which planet takes 3 months to orbit the sun?

MercuryWhat are the orbital lengths and distances of objects in our solar system?OBJECTDistance from Sun (average)Amount of time for one complete orbit of the Sun (one “year.”)Sun0 milesMercury36,800,000 miles3 Earth monthsVenus67,200,000 miles7 Earth monthsEarth93,000,000 miles1 Earth year (365.25 days)6 more rows