Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between Article 370 And 35a?

What does Article 370 say?

Article 370 acknowledges the special status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in terms of autonomy and its ability to formulate laws for the state’s permanent residents.

In the 1954 Presidential order, among other things, the Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution were made applicable to Kashmir with exceptions..

Who is the last king of Jammu and Kashmir?

Hari Singh GCSI GCIE GCVO (23 September 1895 – 26 April 1961) was the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.

Why Jammu and Kashmir has its own constitution?

The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir was the legal document which established the framework for the state government of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. … The Constitution of India granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir among Indian states, and it was the only state in India to have a separate constitution.

What is the old name of Jammu and Kashmir?

The princely state was created after the First Anglo-Sikh War, when the East India Company, which had annexed the Kashmir Valley, Jammu, Ladakh, and Gilgit-Baltistan from the Sikhs as war indemnity, then sold the region to the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, for 7,500,000 (75 lakh Nanakshahee) rupees.

Who is the governor of J and K?

The President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed Manoj Sinha as the Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir. The President accepted the resignation of Girish Chandra Murmu as Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir. Murmu, a 1985 batch Gujarat cadre IAS officer was appointed as the LG in October last year.

What is the meaning of Article 35a?

Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was an article that empowered the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to them. … Non-permanent residents of the state, even if Indian citizens, were not entitled to these ‘privileges’.

When did the Kashmiri Pandits leave Kashmir?

19 January 1990 is widely remembered by Kashmiri Hindus as the tragic “exodus day” of being forced out of Kashmir. According to the Indian government, more than 62,000 families are registered as Kashmiri refugees including some Sikh and Muslim families.

Which countries support India on Kashmir?

India claims the entire erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir based on an instrument of accession signed in 1947. Pakistan claims Jammu and Kashmir based on its majority Muslim population, whereas China claims the Shaksam Valley and Aksai Chin.

Is Jammu and Kashmir a part of India?

Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.

Is Article 370 completely removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. However, the Constituent Assembly was dissolved on January 25, 1957, without recommending the abrogation of the article.

Who drafted Article 370 of Indian Constitution?

Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Which law is applicable in Jammu and Kashmir?

Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019Considered byParliament of IndiaEnacted byRajya SabhaEnactedAugust 5, 2019Enacted byLok Sabha16 more rows

When was Article 370 removed?

On 5 August 2019, the Government of India revoked the special status, or limited autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir—a region administered by India as a state which consists of the larger part of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute among India, Pakistan, and …

Who wrote the Constitution of India?

Constitution of IndiaAuthor(s)B. R. Ambedkar Chairman of the Drafting Committee Benegal Narsing Rau Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly Surendra Nath Mukherjee Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly and other members of Constituent AssemblySignatories284 members of the Constituent Assembly18 more rows

Is Internet banned in Kashmir today?

In August 2019, the Government of India barred all broadband as well as mobile internet services in the region to prevent the deliberately fabricated falsehood on social media. In January 2020, 2G internet was resumed with no access to social media.