Quick Answer: Who Framed The Constitution Of Jammu And Kashmir?

What is the old name of Jammu and Kashmir?

Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)Jammu and Kashmir• Independence from British India15 August 1947• First Kashmir War (cession of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan)22 October 1947• Accession to the Indian Union26–27 October 1947• Constitutional state of India17 November 195229 more rows.

How many Indian forces are in Kashmir?

Insurgency in Jammu and KashmirStrengthIndian Armed Forces ~950,000 (Aug 2019) Indian Army: 600,000 Indian Air Force: 30,000 CRPF: 65,000 BSF: 50,0003,500 to 5,000 (2006 est.) 150 (2014 est.) 200 (2017 est.)Casualties and losses9 more rows

Who drafted the Article 370?

Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Is Article 370 completely removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. However, the Constituent Assembly was dissolved on January 25, 1957, without recommending the abrogation of the article.

Why did Kashmiri Pandits leave Kashmir?

The Hindus of the Kashmir Valley, were forced to flee the Kashmir valley as a result of being targeted by JKLF and Islamist insurgents during late 1989 and early 1990.

How Kashmir was divided?

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 established the rough boundaries of today, with Pakistan holding roughly one-third of Kashmir, and India one-half, with a dividing line of control established by the United Nations. The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 resulted in a stalemate and a UN-negotiated ceasefire.

Why does China support Pakistan?

While initially ambivalent towards the idea of a Communist country on its borders, Pakistan hoped that China would serve as a counterweight to Indian influence. … One year after China’s border war with India, Pakistan ceded the Trans-Karakoram Tract to China to end border disputes and improve diplomatic relations.

Who started the Constitution of India?

B. R. AmbedkarConstitution of IndiaAuthor(s)B. R. Ambedkar Chairman of the Drafting Committee Benegal Narsing Rau Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly Surendra Nath Mukherjee Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly and other members of Constituent AssemblySignatories284 members of the Constituent Assembly18 more rows

How many states are there in J&K?

Jammu and Kashmir consists of three divisions: Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh, and is further divided into 22 districts: The Siachen Glacier, although under Indian military control, does not lie under the administration of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

What is the national flag of Jammu and Kashmir?

Article 144 of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, stated that flag of the state shall be rectangular 3:2 format. Its colour is red, which originally represented the blood of the martyrs of the 13 July 1931 demonstration, but later came to symbolise workers and labourers.

Who is responsible for Kashmir problem?

The Indian government blamed separatists and Lashkar-e-Taiba, a Pakistan-based militant group, for stoking the 2010 protests. The 2016 Kashmir unrest erupted after killing of a Hizbul Mujahideen militant, Burhan Wani, by Indian security forces. Further unrest in the region erupted after the 2019 Pulwama attack.

How did Kashmir became part of India?

The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947. By executing this document under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to accede to the Dominion of India.

Why is Srinagar called Srinagar?

The name Srinagar is derived from the conjoining of the two words in Sanskrit, “Sri” implying ‘Lakshmi’ and “Nagar” implying ‘city’. It is the belief of some prominent historians that Srinagar came up as a city under the rule of Ashoka, a Pandava ruler.

Who sold Kashmir to India?

Under the terms of the Treaty of Amritsar that followed in March 1846, the British government sold Kashmir for a sum of 7.5 million Nanakshahee rupees to Gulab Singh, hereafter bestowed with the title of Maharaja.

Is Internet banned in Kashmir today?

In August 2019, the Government of India barred all broadband as well as mobile internet services in the region to prevent the deliberately fabricated falsehood on social media. In January 2020, 2G internet was resumed with no access to social media.

Who can amend the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir?

The Provisions of the State Constitution (except those relating to the relationship of the state with the Union) may be amended by an Act of the Legislative Assembly of the state passed by not less than two-thirds of its membership.

Who made Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir?

On 5 August 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah announced in the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Indian Parliament) that the President of India had issued The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019 (C.O. 272) under Article 370, superseding the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954.

Who spread Islam in Kashmir?

Mir Sayyid Ali HamadaniHowever, the greatest missionary whose personality wielded the most extraordinary influence in the spread of Islam in Kashmir was Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani of Hamadan (Persia) popularly known as Shah-i-Hamadan. He belonged to the Kubrawi order of Sufis and came to Kashmir along with seven hundred disciples and helpers.

What is Article 370 and 35a of Indian Constitution?

Since Article 370 was enacted on 26 November 1949 as part of the Constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly of India which was a sovereign body, he remarks, Article 35A “flows inexorably” from it. … Article 35 A protects the demographic status of the Jammu and Kashmir state in its prescribed constitutional form.

When was Article 370 removed?

On 5 August 2019, the Government of India revoked the special status, or limited autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir—a region administered by India as a state which consists of the larger part of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute among India, Pakistan, and …

Why does J&K have two capitals?

Reason for having two capitals But during winters Srinagar becomes geographically challenging due to the blockage of National Highways and landslides. Thus every year the capital is shifted to Jammu to make sure that the trade and business do not suffer.